EU further clarifies personal data protection requirements for social media platforms

On April 13, 2021, at the 48th plenary meeting of the EDPB, the “Guidelines for Social Media Users” were adopted, clarifying the relevant requirements for the protection of personal user data on social media platforms.

  1. Background

The past decade has seen a rapid rise in social media on the web. More and more people are using social media to keep in touch with family and friends. In this guide, social media is understood as an online platform capable of building a community of web users, where information and content are shared. The main feature of social media is the ability for individuals to register, create “accounts” or generate “personal data” for themselves, communicate with each other by sharing user-generated or other content, and connect with other users.

As part of their business model, many social media providers offer targeting services. Targeting services enable natural or legal persons to communicate specific information to social media users in order to facilitate the acquisition of commercial, political or other interests. The distinguishing feature of providing targeting services is the perceived fit between the individual or group being targeted and the message being conveyed, the better the fit, the higher the acceptance rate (conversion rate) and therefore the more effective the targeting campaign (return on investment).

Combining and analysing data from different sources, coupled with the potential sensitivity of personal data processed in social media, poses risks to the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. From a data protection perspective, many risks arise from a lack of transparency and a lack of user control.

  2. Scope of application

Social media services may involve different subjects, which for the purpose of this guide should be grouped into four categories: social media service providers, users, target groups and other actors who may be involved in the targeting process.

The main purpose of this guide is to clarify the roles and responsibilities between social media service providers and target groups. In order to do this, the guidelines also point out the potential risks to individual rights and freedoms, the main subjects and their roles, and explain the relevant requirements for personal data protection (such as legality and transparency, data protection impact assessment DPIA, etc.) , and key elements of correlation between social media providers and targets.

  3. Risks posed by the processing of personal data to the rights and freedoms of users

The GDPR emphasizes that any risks to the rights and freedoms of individuals arising from the processing of personal data must be properly assessed and mitigated. The mechanisms that can be used to target social media users and the basic data processing activities that can target them can pose significant risks to individuals. The EDPB considers it necessary to identify certain types of risks in this guidance and provides some detailed examples of these risks. details as follows:

First, for social media users, it may involve the use of personal data that violates or exceeds the reasonable expectations of individuals, thereby violating data protection principles and rules.

Second, concerning the potential for discrimination and exclusion, tags identified against social media users may directly or indirectly relate to, and have discriminatory effects on, an individual’s race or ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation, or other protected characteristics of the individual concerned.

Third, because the use of personal data is in some cases used to influence the behavior and choices of individuals, it also involves potential manipulation of users, whether to influence consumers’ purchasing decisions or to influence citizens’ political decisions. Potential manipulation is there.

Fourth, there is a risk of surveillance, and the personal data collected by social media service providers is not limited to individuals’ interactions on social media platforms, but may also relate to individuals’ browsing behavior or other activities outside of social media platforms. information, through which social media users are targeted, there is a risk of systematic monitoring of individual behavior.

Fifth, in the case of vulnerable groups such as children, the potential adverse effects of targeting may be much greater. Targeting affects the formation of children’s personal preferences and interests, ultimately affecting their autonomy and developmental rights.

  4. Restrictions on Target Objects

“User” generally refers to an individual who is registered with the Service, i.e. an individual who has an “Account” or “Profile”. However many social media services can also be accessed by unregistered individuals. Even in the absence of a real-name policy, it is still possible to lock out the user in question, as most types of lockout do not rely on usernames, but on other types of personal data.

Social media service providers have the opportunity to collect vast amounts of personal data related to the behavior and interactions of users and unregistered users, which enables them to gain insight into users’ social characteristics, interests and preferences. This guide uses the term “target audience” to refer to natural or legal persons who use social media services. Service providers can send specific messages to a group of social media users based on specific parameters or criteria. Target users can use targeting mechanisms provided by social media providers directly, or they can use the services of other providers such as data brokers and data management providers are also relevant actors that play an important role in targeting social media users.

  V. Analysis of Different Targeting Mechanisms

Targeting mechanisms refer to targeting based on data provided, including data provided by users to social media providers, data provided by users of social media platforms to target parties, and targeting based on observed data. Data service providers build targeting mechanisms based on inferences from these data.

First, lock down individuals based on the data provided. “Provided data” means information that the data subject proactively provides to the social media provider and/or target party.

Second, targeting based on observed data. Service providers can also target social media users based on observed data. Observed data is data generated by the data subject through the use of the service or device.

Third, target localization based on inferred data. “Inferred data” or “derived data” is created by the data controller based on data provided by the data subject or observed by the controller.

  6. Transparency and Access

Article 5(1)(a) GDPR states that personal data relating to data subjects shall be processed lawfully, fairly and transparently. Article 5(1)(b) GDPR also stipulates that personal data shall be collected for specific, explicit and lawful purposes. Articles 12, 13, 14 of the GDPR contain specific provisions on the data controller’s transparency obligations.

The EDPB cautions that using the word “advertising” alone is not enough to inform users that their activity is being monitored by targeted advertising. Data service providers’ rules should be transparent to individuals about what types of processing activities take place. If social platforms create profiles based on the online behavior of target users on the platform or on the website, respectively, they should inform data subjects in understandable language, provide users with information on the types of personal data collected for the establishment of such profiles, and ultimately obtain Target users agree to target and send advertisements. Social platforms should provide relevant information to users interactively directly on the screen and through layered notifications when appropriate or necessary.

  7. Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA)

In some cases, the nature of the advertised product or service, the content of the information or the way the advertisement is delivered may have an impact on the individual and require further evaluation. This may be the case, for example, for products aimed at vulnerable populations. Depending on the purpose of the advertising campaign and its intrusiveness, or if additional risks may arise if the processing of observed, inferred or derived personal data is involved, DPIA should be undertaken.

In addition to the obligations specifically mentioned in Article 26(1) GDPR, joint data controllers should define their respective obligations precisely when determining their respective obligations.

  8. Special categories of data

The GDPR provides enhanced protection for particularly sensitive personal data involving fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. Article 9 of the GDPR defines such data as special categories of personal data, including data about an individual’s health, racial or ethnic origin, biometrics, religious or philosophical beliefs, political opinions, trade union membership, sex life or sexual orientation.

In the context of targeting services provided by social media, it is necessary to determine whether the processing of personal data involves “special categories of data” and whether these are processed by the social media service provider, the target party or both. In the case of processing special categories of personal data, it must be determined whether and under what conditions the social media service provider and target party can lawfully process such data. If the social media provider processes special categories of data for targeting purposes, the legal basis for the processing must be found in Article 6 GDPR and can be exempted under Article 9(2) GDPR. Section 9(2)(e) allows special categories of data to be processed where the data subject has clearly made the data public, and the word “obvious” means that there must be a high threshold for reliance on this exemption.

In practice, controllers may need to consider the following factors to demonstrate that the data subject has clearly demonstrated the intention to disclose:

● default settings for social media platforms;

● the nature of the social media platform;

● the accessibility of pages that publish sensitive data;

● visibility of information, where data subjects are informed of the public nature of the information they publish;

● Whether the data subject has published their own sensitive data, or whether the data has been published or inferred by a third party.

  9. Joint Data Controllers and Responsibilities

Article 26(1) GDPR requires joint data controllers to determine in a transparent manner their respective responsibilities for compliance with the GDPR in the agreement, including the transparency requirements described above. In order to develop a comprehensive arrangement, both the social media provider and the target party must know and have detailed information about the specific data processing operations that are taking place.

The EDPB observed that targets wishing to use targeting tools offered by social media providers may be required to adhere to pre-determined arrangements, with no possibility of negotiation or modification. This circumstance does not negate the shared responsibility of the social media provider and the target party, nor does it relieve either party of their obligations under the GDPR. The parties under the mutual agreement are also obliged to ensure that the assignment of responsibilities appropriately reflects their respective roles and relationships with respect to data subjects in a practical, truthful and transparent manner.

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Simplify Isolated Current and Voltage Sensing Designs with Single-Supply Isolated Amplifiers and ADCs

We all need an “it” in areas such as protecting personnel, noise immunity, and dealing with ground potential differences between subsystems. You can design “it” in applications such as motor drives, solar inverters, DC charging (pile) stations, industrial robots, uninterruptible power supplies, traction inverters, on-board chargers and DC/DC converters .

We all need an “it” in areas such as protecting personnel, noise immunity, and dealing with ground potential differences between subsystems. You can design “it” in applications such as motor drives, solar inverters, DC charging (pile) stations, industrial robots, uninterruptible power supplies, traction inverters, on-board chargers and DC/DC converters .

By “it” I mean galvanic isolation.

Many systems, including the ones I mentioned above, need to transmit current and voltage information from one power domain to another over an isolation barrier for monitoring and control. So how do you transfer analog information across the isolation barrier? The answer is to use isolated amplifiers and isolated analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), the latter also known as isolated delta-sigma modulators.

One of the challenges when designing these systems is how to power the isolation amplifier or ADC. Typically, they require two power supplies — a high-side supply and a low-side supply (shown as VDD1 and VDD2, respectively, on the left side of Figure 1). The low side is usually powered by the same power supply that powers the digital controller, but many systems have no power available on the high side.This means that discrete isolated power supplies must be designed on the high side (but this increases solution size, bill of materials[BOM]volume and solution cost), thereby increasing the complexity of the design and printed circuit board (PCB) layout.

To address this design challenge, we have developed a family of isolated amplifiers and ADCs that operate from low-side supplies. Figure 1 shows the difference between a standard isolated converter that requires two supplies (left) and the AMC3301 family that can operate from a single supply (right).

Figure 1: Traditional isolation amplifier vs. single-supply isolation amplifier

The new devices include a fully integrated DC/DC converter stage that generates the high-side power internally. The architecture of this DC/DC converter is optimized to provide auxiliary circuits such as active filters, preamplifiers, or comparators from a high-side low dropout regulator (LDO) output pin (usually denoted HLDOOUT) Additional DC current up to 1 mA.

Shunt-based current sensing provides high accuracy.

Learn more about the AMC3301 Precision Reinforced Isolation Amplifier with Integrated DC/DC Converter.

How Single-Supply Operation Simplifies Designs

The advantages of single-supply operation include:

・ Smaller solution size, reduced bill of materials (BOM), and lower system cost. Integrated DC/DC converters eliminate the need for discrete power supplies (such as dedicated isolated power supplies) and combinations of dedicated transformers, transformer drivers, and LDOs. This integration creates a compact system design for space-constrained applications and reduces BOM count and system cost.

・ Helps simplify design and layout. Designing accurate shunt-based current and voltage sensing is easier without worrying about the ability to use a high-side power supply. You can:

・ By eliminating the need for a centralized power supply, higher reuse rates can be achieved with modular PCB designs.

・ Enables dual-layer board designs with fewer traces and fewer power routings.

• Reduce design complexity when performing phase-to-phase voltage measurements in polyphase systems without a shared neutral. You can eliminate the need for discrete isolated power supplies.

• Flexibility in shunt arrangement. In traditional architectures, the high-side power supply dictates the shunt placement, which can lead to parasitic effects. For example, when using the gate driver supply as a high-side supply, the shunt cannot always be placed close to the switch pins. This non-optimal arrangement can increase parasitic inductance in series with the shunt, which can cause common-mode interference at the amplifier’s input during power stage switching, resulting in inaccurate measurements. When using the AMC3301 series, parasitic inductance does not affect measurement accuracy due to the integrated power supply.

TI’s product portfolio

Figure 2 summarizes TI’s portfolio of isolation amplifiers and ADCs. A conventional device requiring dual power supplies is shown on the left; a device operating from a single supply is shown on the right.

Figure 2: TI’s portfolio of isolation amplifiers and modulators (ADCs).

Below are all options for the AMC3301 family based on applications.

Current sensing:
・ AMC3301: ±250 mV input reinforced isolation amplifier.
・ AMC3301-Q1: Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)-Q100 qualified ±250mV input reinforced isolation amplifier.
・ AMC3302: ±50 mV input reinforced isolation amplifier.
・ AMC3306M25: ±250mV input reinforced isolation modulator (ADC).
Voltage Sensing:
・ AMC3330: ±1-V input reinforced isolation amplifier.
・ AMC3330-Q1: AEC-Q100 qualified ±1-V input reinforced isolation amplifier.

The Links:   LM24014H LTM213U6-L01 LCD-PANEL

EUPEC FS75R12KE3 New Stock






#FS75R12KE3 EUPEC FS75R12KE3 New FS75R12KE3 IGBT Modules 1200V 75A 3-PHASE ; FS75R12KE3 , FS75R12KE3 pictures, FS75R12KE3 price, #FS75R12KE3 supplier


Manufacturer: Infineon
Product Category: IGBT Modules
Brand: Infineon Technologies
Product: IGBT Silicon Modules
Configuration: Hex
Collector- Emitter Voltage VCEO Max: 1200 V
Collector-Emitter Saturation Voltage: 1.7 V
Continuous Collector Current at 25 C: 105 A
Gate-Emitter Leakage Current: 400 nA
Maximum Operating Temperature: + 125 C
Package / Case: EconoPACK 2
Packaging: Tray
Maximum Gate Emitter Voltage: +/- 20 V
Minimum Operating Temperature: – 40 C
Mounting Style: Screw
Pd – Power Dissipation: 350 W
Factory Pack Quantity: 10
IGBT Modules 1200V 75A 3-PHASE

BOLYMIN BG160160AFPEBb-01 New Stock






#BG160160AFPEBb-01 BOLYMIN BG160160AFPEBb-01 New BOLYMIN SMT PCB with17.0V500mA.; , BG160160AFPEBb-01 pictures, BG160160AFPEBb-01 price, #BG160160AFPEBb-01 supplier


BG160160AFPEBb-01 Feature
1. SMT PCB with metal frame
2. No built-in controller (recommending SED1335)
3. +5V single power supply
4. 1/160 duty cycle
5. 4-Bit parallel
6. Option: negative voltage
7. Option: LED, EL B/L
Mechanical Data Item
Module Dimension 89.2 x 85.0mm
Viewing Area 62.0 x 62.0mm
Dot Size 0.34 x 0.34mm
Dot Pitch 0.38 x 0.38mm

Pure electric, plug-in hybrid “two-pronged approach” Mercedes-Benz fully promotes AMG electrification

Mercedes-Benz is currently adopting a “two-pronged” strategy, while promoting the electrification of its high-performance sub-brand AMG in the plug-in hybrid and pure electric fields. With plug-in hybrid products, Mercedes-Benz has eased consumers’ mileage anxiety about BEV products while launching the AMG pure electric vehicle market. “We are bringing the brand’s iconic DNA into the electrified future with a new drive strategy,” said Philipp Schiemer, global president of Mercedes-AMG.

Economic Daily-China Economic Net comprehensive foreign report, Mercedes-Benz is currently adopting a “two-pronged” strategy, while promoting the electrification process of its high-performance sub-brand AMG in the field of plug-in hybrid and pure electric. The first all-electric AMG model will be unveiled this year, with the U.S. market first in 2022.


(file picture)

With plug-in hybrid products, Mercedes-Benz has eased consumers’ mileage anxiety about BEV products while launching the AMG pure electric vehicle market. Sam Fiorani, vice president of AutoForecast Solutions, bluntly said, “Mercedes-Benz combines a fuel-efficient engine with a pure electric approach, which not only reduces the daily use of gasoline, but also provides support when extra power is needed.”

“We are bringing the brand’s iconic DNA into the electrified future with a new drive strategy,” said Philipp Schiemer, global president of Mercedes-AMG. “Those who see Mercedes-AMG as a 21st century performance luxury brand of consumers are our potential customers in the future.”

In order to achieve carbon neutrality goals and avoid hefty fines, Daimler’s passenger car brand, Mercedes-Benz, plans to have plug-in hybrid and pure electric vehicles worldwide by 2030. more than 50% of sales; meanwhile, sales of combustion engine models will decrease by 70%. And AMG’s accelerated electrification process could allow Mercedes-Benz to drastically reduce its carbon footprint.

“As emissions regulations become stricter and consumers become more accustomed to electric vehicles, Mercedes-AMG will continue to increase the supply of pure electric vehicles and eventually replace plug-in hybrids,” said Sam Fiorani.

It is understood that Mercedes-AMG’s hybrid system is derived from Mercedes-AMG’s Formula One car – Project ONE hypercar. This hybrid system utilizes AMG eight-cylinder, four-cylinder engines and battery power to provide power output, so that the new car has more than 804 horsepower, and the acceleration time of 0 to 60 mph is only 3 seconds.

Mercedes-AMG said the hybrid system it developed would place a motor with a 6.1-kilowatt-hour battery above the rear axle, which would not only improve the vehicle’s weight and handling, but also allow the vehicle to start, accelerate and overtake have extra power. “The powertrain uses a two-speed gear set on the engine to keep it running at high speeds without losing efficiency,” said Sam Abuelsamid, principal analyst at Guidehouse Insights.

For the battery of this plug-in hybrid system, the new thermal management system adopted by Mercedes-AMG can ensure that the heat can be evenly distributed, thereby ensuring the performance and service life of the battery. AMG’s engineers have developed a new millimeter-scale module that enables the individual cooling of 560 lithium-ion cells.

This new cooling technology allows Mercedes-AMG to put more high-power batteries into the vehicle, improving power performance while reducing the battery’s weight and footprint. It is understood that the battery of the Mercedes-AMG plug-in hybrid system weighs 196 pounds and has a power density of 1.7 kW/kg, or 1 horsepower per pound. By comparison, conventional batteries have half the power density.

In addition, the Mercedes-AMG plug-in hybrid system also draws on another F1 technology, which is to solve the problem of turbo lag by installing an electric motor in the turbocharger. This technology allows the engine to instantly generate torque, which in turn allows the vehicle to reach full speed in an instant.

Source: Gasgoo

The Links:   G057QN01 V0 LM64P89 IGBT-CENTER

SEMIKRON SKD60/16 New Stock





#SKD60/16 SEMIKRON SKD60/16 New SKD60/16 60A/1600V/DIODE/6U; SKD60/16 , SKD60/16 pictures, SKD60/16 price, #SKD60/16 supplier


The SKD 60/16 is a SEMIPONT® 2 3-phase Power Bridge Rectifier with screw terminals, robust plastic case and a large isolated base plate. It is suitable for variable frequency drives, DC motor field supplies and battery charger.
Manufacturer Semikron
Type of semiconductor component three-phase bridge rectifier
Semiconductor structure diode/diode
Max. off-state voltage 1.6kV
Max. forward voltage 1.6V
Load current 60A
Max. forward impulse current 1kA
Electrical mounting screw
Version module
Leads M5 screws
Mechanical mounting screw Additional information
Gross weight: 168 g
Manufacturer part number: SKD 60/16
No. of Pins: 5Pins  
Operating Temperature Max: 125°C  

NEC NL6448AC30-10 New Stock







#NL6448AC30-10 NEC NL6448AC30-10 New NL6448AC30-10 NEC 9.4inch Panel 640×480 110:1 CCFL TTL ; NL6448AC30-10 , NL6448AC30-10 pictures, NL6448AC30-10 price, #NL6448AC30-10 supplier


Panel Brand : NEC
Panel Model : NL6448AC30-10
Panel Type : a-Si TFT-LCD , Panel
Panel Size : 9.4 inch
Resolution : 640(RGB)×480 , VGA
Display Mode : TN, Normally White, Transmissive
Active Area : 192×144 mm
Outline : 259.5×179 mm
Brightness : 90 cd/m² (Typ.)
Contrast Ratio : 110:1 (Typ.)
Display Colors : 4096   (4-bit)
Response Time : 40 (Max.)(Tr+Td)
Viewing Angle : 45/45/25/25 (Typ.)(CR≥10) (L/R/U/D)
Frequency : 60Hz
Lamp Type : 1 pcs CCFL
Signal Interface : CMOS (1 ch, 4-bit)  
Input Voltage : 5.0V (Typ.)
NL6448AC30-10 inverter, NL6448AC30-10 power supply, NL6448AC30-10 electronic board, NL6448AC30-10 VGA board, NL6448AC30-10 touchscreen available.

The new energy vehicle market has dropped to freezing point. How can car companies seek to survive?

On March 22, affected by the epidemic, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in 2020 fell sharply year-on-year, and the auto market dropped to freezing point. Faced with the status quo, the government has introduced policy interventions to save the market in the short term, but in the long run, it is still necessary to rely on car companies to resume production as soon as possible, and improving their own strength is the key.

The new energy vehicle market is frozen, production and sales in February fell by more than 70% year-on-year

Data show that in February, the production and sales of new energy vehicles were 9,951 and 12,908, down 82.9% and 75.2% year-on-year, respectively. Compared with the lowest value in February last year, which was affected by the Spring Festival holiday, it shows that the epidemic has brought heavy damage to the auto market. From January to February, the production and sales of new energy vehicles were 53,840 and 59,705, down 63.8% and 59.5% year-on-year, respectively. Since July 2019, the new energy vehicle market has declined for 8 consecutive months, and February this year has become the largest decline in recent years.

Data source: China Automobile Association

Some car companies announced the sales data of new energy vehicles in February (units)

Data source: Sales Express of various car companies

The main reason for the 8-month decline in new energy vehicles is the decline in subsidies. Entering 2020, it has been severely impacted by the Spring Festival holiday and the sudden epidemic. At present, the auto market is already in a weak state. In the face of the current situation, the auto market needs policy intervention and enhanced support to stabilize the market ups and downs.

Under the influence of the epidemic, the country and some localities have reiterated the lifting of restrictions on the purchase of new energy vehicles and the optimization and extension of subsidy measures. Due to the severe impact of the epidemic, the overall auto market has fallen into a downturn. After entering March, the first week still did not improve, sales fell 51%. The China Passenger Transport Association predicts that sales in March will continue to decline, with a drop of around 36%, but the actual situation far exceeds expectations.

At the local level, some cities mentioned the car purchase subsidy again. On February 16, Foshan City, Guangdong Province issued the “Several Measures of Foshan City to Promote the Upgrading of Automobile Market Consumption (Trial)” and implemented it on March 1, becoming the first domestic implementation to promote automobiles. consumption area. Subsequently, more and more cities followed up on subsidy policies or increased car purchase indicators to positively stimulate market consumption.

Subsidy policies and measures for automobile consumption in various regions in 2020

The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Justice jointly issued a notice on “Opinions on Accelerating the Establishment of a Green Production and Consumption Regulatory Policy System”, which mentioned the establishment and improvement of a new energy vehicle promotion mechanism, and where conditions permit, appropriate support for consumers to purchase energy-saving new energy vehicles . At the same time, new and updated vehicles in the fields of public transportation, sanitation, rental, commuting, urban postal express delivery, and urban logistics are encouraged to adopt new energy and clean energy vehicles.

Subsidies can alleviate the urgent needs of enterprises under the epidemic, but in the long run, the favorable policies for new energy vehicles will shift to non-financial and taxation guidance.

In the downturn of the auto market, the auto industry needs to break the original industrial boundaries, promote the deep integration of information technology and automobile manufacturing technology, and achieve linkage with energy, information, communication and transportation fields. In February, the auto market still fell to the freezing point. In March, it is predicted that it will start to pick up, and the industry is gradually on the right track, but it still needs to be in a long recovery period. After fully resuming production, car companies need to focus their work on technology research and development. In the future, competition will be more intense, and overcoming core technical problems is the key to self-help.

The Links:   FP25R12KE3 MDT1200-18E

Phishing campaigns using hexadecimal IP addresses

Cybercriminals are constantly optimizing their cyber attack tools, tactics and techniques to evade spam detection systems.

Since some systems directly extract links embedded in emails for detection, one such URL obfuscation technique uses the encoded hexadecimal IP address format used in the hostname portion of the URL to evade detection.

Since IP addresses can be represented in a variety of formats, they can be used in URLs as follows:

Dotted decimal IP address:

Octal IP address: 0330.0072.0307.0116 (convert each decimal digit to octal)

Hex IP address: 0xD83AC74E (convert each decimal digit to hex)

Integer or DWORD IP address: 3627730766 (convert hexadecimal IP to integer)

Clicking on any of the links above will direct you to the specified domain name, and most browsers also accept these different IP formats.

Recently, a phishing email campaign with the theme of pharmaceuticals used the hexadecimal representation of IP to attack.

Since this may become a future attack trend, this attack trend will be mentioned in the Blackbird official account.

These phishing email messages cover a wide range of medicines, mainly for cholesterol, antifungal, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, brain health, metabolism, and more. The phishing botnet recently started using hexadecimal IPs in URLs from mid-July.

The attack flow chart is shown below.

The email is shown below, using text hyperlinks to jump to it.

The corresponding URL link in the hyperlink is as follows, using hexadecimal IP

Using different mail clients, these links look slightly different. For example, using the Thunderbird mail client, hovering over text hyperlinks will Display them as URLs starting with the IP address in the status bar.

However, using the Microsoft Outlook mail client, it will still be displayed in the hexadecimal IP format in the URL, but copying and pasting the link elsewhere will convert it to the standard IP format in the URL.

Result after clicking on the hex link above


The Links:   4L-U4EB QM150DY-2H

Fuji 1MBI600U4B-120 New Stock






#1MBI600U4B-120 Fuji 1MBI600U4B-120 New 1MBI600U4B-120 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor 800A I(C) 1200V V(BR)CES N-Channel MODULE-4; 1MBI600U4B-120 , 1MBI600U4B-120 pictures, 1MBI600U4B-120 price, #1MBI600U4B-120 supplier


Manufacturer Part Number: 1MBI600U4B-120
Part Life Cycle Code: End Of Life
Ihs Manufacturer: FUJI ELECTRIC CO LTD
Part Package Code: MODULE
Package Description: FLANGE MOUNT, R-XUFM-X4
Pin Count: 4
Manufacturer: Fuji Electric Co Ltd
Risk Rank: 5.71
Case Connection: ISOLATED
Collector Current-Max (IC): 800 A
Collector-Emitter Voltage-Max: 1200 V
JESD-30 Code: R-XUFM-X4
Number of Elements: 1
Number of Terminals: 4
Operating Temperature-Max: 150 °C
Package Body Material: UNSPECIFIED
Package Shape: RECTANGULAR
Package Style: FLANGE MOUNT
Polarity/Channel Type: N-CHANNEL
Qualification Status: Not Qualified
Surface Mount: NO
Terminal Form: UNSPECIFIED
Terminal Position: UPPER
Transistor Element Material: SILICON
Turn-off Time-Nom (toff): 410 ns
Turn-on Time-Nom (ton): 320 ns
Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor 800A I(C) 1200V V(BR)CES N-Channel MODULE-4